Salzburg, Austria's fourth largest city, has a lot to offer its visitors. Especially in the old town one sight follows the next, so that a single day is far from enough for an extensive voyage of discovery. The breath of bygone times can be felt everywhere. The baroque town on the northern edge of the Alps is a UNESCO World Heritage Site for good reason.
The once powerful bishop's town looks back on a long history. Archaeological finds indicate that people had already settled in the Salzach valley in the Neolithic Age. Celts lived here around 450 BC, but were defeated and assimilated by the Romans around 15 BC. At that time Salzburg was called Iuvavum and was one of the most important cities in the Roman province of Noricum. The German name "Salzpurc" was first mentioned by St. Boniface in his biography, which he wrote around 755. In 996 Emperor Otto III granted Salzburg market, coin and toll rights, and the oldest known town charter dates back to 1287.
One of Salzburg's most famous sons was Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, who was born in 1756 in Getreidegasse No. 9. Today the house is as much a museum as the Tanzmeisterhaus, Mozart's residence at Makartplatz 8, and the life and work of the Wunderkind is also omnipresent in other parts of the city. Those who want to follow in the footsteps of the musical genius will reach Mozartplatz via the Mozartsteg, with the Mozart Monument inaugurated in 1842. A memorial plaque indicates that Mozart's widow lived at Mozartplatz No. 8. Another plaque can be found at Universitätsplatz No. 18, where Mozart's sister Nannerl was at home. In honour of Mozart, Salzburg organized the International Music Festival in 1877, from which the Salzburg Festival emerged in 1920. In the meantime, the city has three festival halls, one of which bears the name "Haus für Mozart".
With its diverse architectural styles, Salzburg's Old Town is an unparalleled architectural treasure trove. Romanesque and Gothic churches have long characterized the image of the medieval city. The hall choir of the Franziskanerkirche is considered one of the most impressive works of Southern German Gothic. The Margaret Chapel in St. Peter's Cemetery, the Chapel of St. George and the Collegiate Church of Nonnenberg date from the end of the Gothic period. Built between 1614 and 1628, Salzburg Cathedral was the first Baroque church north of the Alps. The collegiate church, one of the major works of the baroque master builder Fischer von Erlach, dates from the same period. According to his plans, the Trinity church, the Johannsspitalkirche and the Markuskirche were also built. Other architectural attractions for visitors are secular buildings such as Hohensalzburg Fortress, one of the largest medieval fortresses in Europe, the Old and New Residences, the Old University and the Festival Hall with Rock Riding School.
During a visit to Salzburg nobody gets bored so quickly. Children can go on a journey of discovery through the city with the city explorer folder or with the colouring book of Leo the Lion. Both brochures are available in the tourist offices, for example. If you want to enjoy Salzburg on a shopping spree, you will find it in the Getreidegasse, the most famous shopping street in Mozartstadt, and in the romantic inner courtyards and houses. Also the night life does not come too briefly in Salzburg. Traditional Irish pubs and trendy bars invite you to visit the Rudolfskai and at the corner of Anton-Neumayer-Platz and Gstättengasse one club after the other. Of course, accommodation is also provided: in the city there are numerous hotels and guesthouses of all kinds, which leave nothing to be desired.